Depending on the type of business, the facts and circumstances surrounding accounting decisions may not always make them clear cut, and yet the decision may determine whether the company shows a profit or a loss in a particular period! What are the factors that influence business and accounting decisions, and how should these factors be weighed? Generally, three factors influence business and accounting decisions:
The economic factor states that the decision being made should maximize the economic benefits to the decision maker. Based on most economic theory, every rational person faced with a decision will choose the course of action that maximizes his or her own welfare, without regard to how that decision impacts others. In summary, the combined outcome of each person acting in his or her own self-interest will maximize the benefits to society as a whole.
The legal factor is based on the proposition that free societies are governed by laws. Laws are written to provide clarity and to prevent abuse of the rights of Individuals or society. Democratically enacted laws both contain and express society’s collective moral standards. Legal analysis Continue reading