• Shanghai World Financial Center Construction

    Shanghai World Financial Center construction was one structure worth researching. As anyone could imagine, building such a structure as Shanghai World Financial Center requires knowledge that has not been know before-but with technology and testing the project was completed on August 28, 2008

    The importance of developing building technologies to resists earth movement and high winds in high-rise construction holds an important value. Initially planned to be the world’s tallest building, but because of economic situation, the Asian Financial Crises, and other delays, The Shanghai World Financial Center, located in Shanghai, China, is eye appealing. While it was in the building process, the building dimensions were increased for couple reasons that we know of. After a decision to increase gross area of the WFC in Shanghai by 15%, increase in overturning moment from wind forces of about 25% came as well. A diagonal bracing was also used. With the design changes, the service core shear wall was achieved and there came the decrease in the amount of steel needed for the robust structure.

    The first structure was called the mega structure, which in reality consists of major structural columns, the major diagonals, and the belt trusses. The second one was a concrete walls of the service core I mentioned above. The third system was a relationship between concrete wall of the service core and the mega-columns, that were made by the outrigger trusses…

    As the final design of LERA (Leslie E. Robertson Associates), Shanghai World Financial Center construction consisted of three relatively narrow columns, compared to seventeen wide columns. An important area to mention is how the stiffness of the perimeter and trusses has movement, as well as shears in the concrete walls of the service core, can be increased or decreased. The whole robust design is smiler that of the, previous, World Trade Center in NY. The wind engineering results were different compared to that of the World Trade Center in NY, based on extensive wind testing.

    The earthquake engineering for the Shanghai World Financial Center construction was extensive. The design allows for a 200 year period for typhoon return and a 2000 year return on earthquake. In the process of its foundation construction, temporary support for both mat and below-grade concrete floors were made because of the use of top-down construction method, H-piles large steel sections extended from the piling to the ground surface…

    Other issues that come with this high rise were the cost, as in any project. Because the pile cut-off was well below grade, it was costing too much to reinforce existing pile. LERA determined that the current pile foundation system they had in place could accept a larger expansion; they only had the issue of cutting the weight of the original building by 10% or more; the other aspect they had to do was to redistribute the loads to the pile so that increased lateral loads the come from wind and earthquake can be surpassed.

    For Shanghai World Financial Center construction or other building areas where winds are a problem, the seismic effects typically include:

    1. High base overturning moment and foundation design (wind, seismic)

    2. High shear demand near base (seismic)

    3. High gravity stresses in the vertical elements (and use of high-strength materials) to minimize structural sizes for
    economic structural design and to maximize net floor area

    4. Differential axial shortening under gravity forces, including effect on floor slope and outrigger force demands

    5. Development of ductility in elements at the base of a structure under high compressive gravity stress (seismic)

    6. Controlling lateral accelerations (wind)

    7. Controlling story drift (wind, seismic)

    8. Controlling damage so as to enable repair (seismic)

    9. Ensuring ductile energy dissipation mechanisms and preventing brittle failures (seismic)

    Each geographical location requires specific, special requirement, to be developed and tested, when the project is breaking new ground, like The Shanghai World Financial Center construction… Although other buildings were structured in that geographical location, but not with the same height and greatness…


  • What Is The True Meaning Of Finance

    The definition of finance is the provision of funds or loan supplied to an individual or company. Often this term is used for the study of economics and how money is controlled. It can be also defined as the management of funds and capital required by a business and private activities. Management of finance has also developed into a specialized branch within the financial sector and is carried out by finance managers.

    Managing this involves dealing with the optimization and allocation of funds to various areas either by borrowing or by using those available from internal resources. The word Optimizing may sound strange but it refers to taking measures that minimize the cost of financing while simultaneously attempting to maximize the profits out of the employed finance. Bad debts are poor finance management where rules have not been followed; the result of this is depressed markets, low production and a cash crisis. It is for this very reason that finance managers are very careful with finance they agree too and where it is funded from.

    It is not uncommon to hear finance managers referred to as bean counters as they are looking at immediate returns and initial costs against the potential at a later stage. Finance managers are the pessimists whereas sales managers are the optimists who look to the future and not to the past! Often though, problems occur with small businesses who fail to see the distinction between a business loan and a personal one. Most lenders will cancel the loan if they feel they have been deceived this way because they are unsure what the money is to be invested in.

    Hopefully by educating the small (and large) business owners of their fiscal responsibilities they may build the basis of an improved company in the future. Small businesses can be very flexible, however, and call upon friends, other businesses, family members, even their own bank for finance.

    Finance managers can help improve their company’s profits by using external sources which also lessens the risk on them at the same time. The famous comedian Bob Hope best summed up the subject when he once said; a bank is a place that will lend you money but only if you can prove that you don’t need it.


  • Your Path To Financial Freedom

    Posted on by admin

    Social Media Marketing: Building A Bridge To The Future With Solid Advice/p>

    You must take advantage of new and newest ways to use social media marketing techniques before they become ineffective.

    Put a Facebook “like” button on the homepage of your website. This makes it easy for readers to “like” your content on the social website. Having this directly on your blog lets your page without having to navigate away from your site. This will give you greater exposure to your site.

    You may notice that commercial pages on social media ad pages. It is a clever idea to use attractive images to draw buyers onto your ad. Once they look at your ad, they will be more likely to click through to your site and buy one of your products or services.

    Keep in mind that results will not be instant. It takes time to create a viable revenue stream using social media campaign.

    Be ready for the negativity associated with using social media. Social media is great when you get praise, but there is also an unfavorable side. Do not turn your back on it but answer them and try to make them happy.

    Have patience when using social media site. People must trust what you’re doing and whatever it is you are trying to sell. Take your time and focus on one customer at a good reputation for yourself. In no time you should have tons of customers.

    Your website should be tied to your other social networking profiles for increased exposure and a better level of visibility. This is easily accomplished by adding buttons on your site that will let your customers share your content via their own social profiles. These widgets should be on the main page of your website, in blogs posts as well as RSS feeds to help get your consumers to share content that you post.

    The tips you’ve read will help make your business a success, and will be able to help you market any future projects, as well. It’s always good to have strong social marketing skills. Make sure you follow the tips listed above in order to pull off a seamless SMM campaign.

    Chris Carpenter reveals his new program called The Info Cash. The program teaches Internet how to make use of Facebook and boost business sales. You can have access to this awesome product through this link. http://guideonhowtomakemoneyonfacebook.com/


  • Toyota C-HR Will Attend, Here’s The Crossover Stack Being Hit

    Toyota C-HR will soon be gliding in Indonesia. C-HR which was exhibited at the GIIAS 2017 event, will compete with a number of other crossovers that have been born earlier in Indonesia.

    Among them will be dealing with Honda HR-V, Mazda CX-3, Mitsubishi Outlander Sport, Chevrolet Trax, and Nissan Juke.

    Here’s a row of crossovers in Indonesia:

    1. Honda HR-V

    Honda HR-V will be one of the competitor C-HR. Crossover was first present in Indonesia in 2014 then.

    In its class, this car is equipped with two engine options: 1.5 liters and 1.8 liters. 1.5L engine has a similar engine base Honda Jazz, City, or Freed. While HR-V 1.8L using a similar engine with the old Honda Civic (not a turbo). This engine produces power up to 139 Tk, and provides a more enjoyable driving sensation than the Honda CR-V though. Both are equipped CVT transmission, but used by 1.8 variants feel more responsive.

    HR-V also has a choice of 6-speed manual transmission. The price of the car is priced from Rp273,5 – Rp378, 5 million.

    2. Mazda CX-3

    The other crossover is the Mazda CX-3. CX-3 is also a true competitor of Honda HR-V.

    This car has advantages such as the SKYACTIV technology package that touches all aspects ranging from body, engine, transmission, to the chassis. And most importantly, the Mazda CX-3 has the largest engine among its competitors is 2.0 liter with 6-speed automatic transmission.

    One of the mainstay features of Mazda CX-3 is G-Vectoring Control (GVC). GVC is part of SKYACTIV-VEHICLE DYNAMICS that complements the SKYACTIV-Technology range. This technology is claimed to reduce engine torsi as much as a maximum of 3 percent (very little and will not feel) when the car started entering the corner, and return it again when out of the corner.

    The price of CX-3 per March 2018, starting from Rp 388 million (Touring), and Rp 435 million for the GT.

    3. Mitsubishi Outlander Sport

    In 2017 then, Outlander Sport had experienced recall in Indonesia. Meanwhile, in Australia, Outlander Sport has minor changes.

    In Indonesia, the engine used with a capacity of 2.0 liters. This machine is equipped with MIVEC ignition control system to keep fuel consumption efficient and to keep power optimally.

    The output produced is 150 Tk, with torque of 197 Nm. To channel power, Mitsubishi then pair CVT transmission titled INVECS III.

    Mitsubishi Outlander Sport is available six color choices and three variants of GLX Rp 330 million, GLS Rp 345 million, and the highest PX variant priced at Rp 370 million.

    4. Chevrolet Trax

    Chevrolet Trax is the only crossover that has been equipped with a turbo engine. Do not be surprised if the ability of the engine to approach the Honda HR-V with 1.8-liter engine, although Trax uses 1.4-liter engine capacity. Trax 2018 deficiency, not available diesel engine options.

    This five passenger crossover is supported by Passive Entry and Passive Start (PEPS) technology. This allows the rider to enter and turn on the vehicle without the need to issue a key or keyless.

    Chevrolet Trax is priced starting from Rp 288 – Rp 314 Million (OTR Jakarta).

    5. Nissan Juke

    Nissan Juke has a unique body and different from most other crossover. The latest generation Juke is prepared to fight Toyota C-HR and Honda HR-V.

    The car is equipped with a 1.5 liter gasoline engine that powered 112 Tk. Power from the engine is channeled to the wheels through CVT transmission.

    One of the allure of Juke is the choice of different colors are bright, red, yellow, blue, and so forth. This car price range Rp301, 7 – Rp330, 9 Million.

    Toyota Malang. Toyota Kediri Jombang